Paradigm shifts of Policy Responses to COVID-19 in Canada and USA: A Critical Review

Malar Maran RATHNASWAMY, Malar Mozhi RATHNASWAMY, Malar Kumaran RATHNASWAMY, Marilena-Oana Nedelea


Canada and USA are developed nations and both are closely placed geographically. These nations have proposed and implemented policy responses to COVID-19 pandemic and yet they have acted differently. The importance of human face is ensured in both countries but with a difference. One of the reasons for the difference may be due to the nature of economy and economic policies of them. The economy of Canada relies mostly on immigrant population unlike USA. Political compulsions are also different. This study investigates on the paradigm shifts of policy responses of them on COVID -19 pandemics.


COVID-19, policy responses, economic policies, policies to individuals and families


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